KONTESTASI DAN GENEALOGI “KEBANGKITAN” ISLAM NUSANTARA: KAJIAN HISTORIOGRAFIS BABAD TANAH JAWI

Bakir Bakir, Achmad Fawaid

Abstract


From the first writing of 1612 to the 'final version' in 1836, the Babad Tanah Jawi (BTJ) has always been debated mainly regarding its function as genre, prophecy, historical narrative, genealogical prototypes, and testimonial structures on Javanese history. Nevertheless, it is rare for the study of how Islam Nusantara, specifically described in the Babad Tanah Jawi, is considered to have a 'problematic' double genealogy as the effect of the breaking down of the basket between Batara Guru and Prophet Adam, a discrepancy that reflects Islam Nusantara as the result of a syncretistic forces between (Islam) Demak and (Hindu) Majapahit. This study seeks to illustrate the scholarly contestation of the double gynowogy of the Islamic revival of the archipelago after the fall of Majapahit and its implications for the ambivalent narratives of insurrection in Babad Tanah Jawi, a text that sparked much debate among anthropologists, philologists and archaeologists of the world, Pararaton and Nagarakertagama - many referred by anyone who wants to learn about Islam and Javanese kings.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berg, C. C., “Babad en Babadstudie” (68-84), Indonesië, X, ‘s-Gravenhage, 1957.

Berg, C. C., “The Islamisation of Java” (111-142), Studia Islamica, 4, 1955.

Berg, C. C., “The Role of Structural Organisation and Myth in Javanese Historiography: Commentary” (100-103), The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 24, No. 1 (November 1964).

Berg, C. C., “Twee nieuwe publicaties betreffende de geschiedenis en de geschiedschrijving van Mataram” (97-128, 231-269, 361-400), Indonesië, VIII, ‘s-Gravenhage, 1955.

Brandes, J. L. A., “[Bladvulling.] De tekst van de proza bewerking van de Babad tanah Djawi gecestigeerd”, TBG, XXXII, 1899, 556.

Brandes, J. L. A., “Register op de proza-omzetting van de babad tanah Jawi [uitgave van 1874]”, VBG, LI, 4, 1900, 10.

Brandes, J. L. A., Nagarakretagama, Lofdicht van Prapanjtja op koning Radjasanagara, Hajam Wuruk, van Madjapahit, VBG 54.1, Batavia/’s-Gravenhage, 1904.

Brandes, J. L. A., Pararaton (Ken Arok) of het Boek der Koningen van Tumapel en van Majaphit, VBG 54.1, Batavia/’s-Gravenhage, 1897/1920.

Day, Anthony., “Babad Kandha, Babad Kraton, and Variation in Modern Javanese Literature” (433-450), Bijdraget tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Vol. 134, No. 4 (1978).

De Casparis, J. G., “Historical Writing on Indonesia (Early Period)”, dalam D. G. E. Hall (ed.), Historians of South East Asia, London: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Djajadiningrat, Hoesein, Critische Beschouwing van de Sadjarah Banten, Haarlem: Joh. Enschede en Zonen, 1913.

Graaf, H. J. de., De Regering van Panembahan Senapati Ingalaga, Den Haag: ‘s-Gravenhage, 1954 .

Graaf, H. J. de., De Regering van Sultan Agung, Vorst van Mataram en die van zijn Voorganger Panembahan Seda-ing-Krapyak, Den Haag: ‘s-Gravenhage, 1958.

Graaf, H. J. de., De Regering van Sunan Mangku-Rat I Tegal-Wangi, Vorst van Mataram, Den Haag: ‘s-Gravenhage, 1961.

Gronendael, V. M. Clara Van, Er Zit een Dalang achter de Wayang, Amesterdam, 1982 (Versi Inggris: The Dalang Behind the Wayang, Dordrecht/Cinnaminson: Foris Publications, 1985).

Kasdi, A. 2005. Kepurbakalaan Sunan Giri. Surabaya: Unesa University Press.

Kasdi, A. 2003. Perlawanan Penguasa Madura atas Hegemoni Jawa: Relasi Pusat Daerah pada Periode Akhir Mataram (1726 - 1745). Yogyakarta: Jendela.

Knibb, M. A., The Ethiopic Version of the Old Testament, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Krom, N. J., Hindoe-Javaansche geschiedenis, Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff, ‘s-Gravenhage, 1931.

Kumar, A., “On Variation in Babads” (223-247), Bijdraget tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Vol. 140 (1984)

Muljana, S. 1983. Pemugaran Persada Sejarah Leluhur Majapahit. Jakarta: Inti Idayu Press.

Olthof, W. L. (ed. dan terj.), Babad tanah Djawi in proza: Javaansche geschiedenis, 2 vol., ‘s-Gravenhage, 1941. Buku ini sudah diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia berjudul Babad Tanah Jawi: Mulai dari Nabi Adam sampai Tahun 1947, terj. HR Sumarsono, (edisi ke-3), Yogyakarta: Narasi, 2013.

Pustaka, Balai, Babad Tanah Jawi, Jakarta: Balai Pustaka 1934-1941.

Ras, J. J., “Javanese Tradition on the Coming of Islam” (258-295), dalam J. J. Ras, The Shadow of Ivory Tree: Language, Literature, and History in Nusantara, Leiden: Vak-groep Talen en Culturen van Zuidoost-Azië en Oceanië, 1992c.

Ras, J. J., “The Babad Tanah Jawi and Its Realibility: Questions of Content, Structure, and Function” (174-213), dalam J. J. Ras, The Shadow of Ivory Tree: Language, Literature, and History in Nusantara, Leiden: Vak-groep Talen en Culturen van Zuidoost-Azië en Oceanië, 1992a.

Ras, J. J., “The Genesis of the Babad Tanah Jawi: Origin and Function of the Javanese Court Chronicle” (343-356), Bijdraget tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Vol. 143, No. 2 dan 3 (1987).

Ras, J. J., Babad Tanah Djawi, Javaanse rijkskroniek; W. L. Olthof’s vertaling van de prozaversie van J. J. Meinsma lopende tot het jaar 1721, edisi ke-2, Dordrecht: Foris, 1987.

Remmelink, Willem, Perang Cina dan Runtuhnya Negara Jawa 1725-1743, terj. Akhmad Santoso, Yogyakarta: Jendela, 2002.

Ricklefs, M. C., “A Consideration of Three Versions of the ‘Babad Tanah Djawi’, with Excerpts on the Fall of Madjapahit” (285-315), Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 35, No. 2 (1972).

Ricklefs, M. C., “The Evolution of Babad Tanah Jawi Texts: In Response to Day” (443-454), Bijdraget tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Vol. 135, No. 4 (1979).

Supomo, Suryohudoyo, “Rebellion in the Kraton World as Seen by the Pujangga” (563-575), dalam J. J. Fox, dkk. (eds), Indonesia: Australia Perspectives, Canberra: Australia National University, 1980.

Teeuw, A., Register op de tekst en vertaling van de Babad tanah Djawi [uitgave 1941], ‘s-Gravenhage, 1946.

Wieringa, E. P., “An Old Text Brought to Life Again: A Reconsideration of the ‘Final Version’ of the Babad Tanah Jawi” (244-263), Bijdraget tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Vol. 155, No. 2 (1999).

Woodward, M. 1989. Islam in Java: Normative Piety and Mysticism in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.